EU Military Unification

EU Military Unification

Military Unification has been on the European Union's policy agenda for decades. In the past twelve months, the pressure to complete the task has accelerated the process, particularly since the Bratislava Summit of September 2016.

There, the 27 leaders of the EU decided to "give a new impetus" to European external security and defence. 

They set as a target the December 2016 European Council to formalise an implementation plan. 

1984

25-26
June

Tory high command forces acquiescence in EEC plans for military union

European Commission President Jacques Delors tells a summit of European Economic Community heads of government at Fontainebleau that the first and foremost of his three big ideas for relaunching European political integration is “military union” (une défense commune), the others being currency union and the abolition of member states' vetoes. Mrs Thatcher refuses all three ideas in private at the summit with “No! No! No!” but is forbidden by her party bosses from even mentioning the phrase, or the military union proposal, until she defiantly uses the phrase (without its military context) in her last month as Prime Minister.

1991

9-10
December

The foundations are laid for a Common Foreign and Security Policy

The European Council in Maastricht lays the foundations for a political Union with the creation of a Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and the beginnings of a common defence policy, as the second pillar of the Treaty of Maastricht.  

The text is signed in February 1992 and comes into force in November 1993.

1999

3-4
June

Launch of the European Security and Defence Policy

At the European Council in Cologne, the EU 15 decide to reinforce the Common Foreign and Security Policy. 

2002

16
December

Signature of Berlin Plus

The 'Berlin Plus' arrangement is signed, allowing the use of NATO structures, mechanisms and assets to carry out  ESDP missions. 

2003

12-13
December

European Security Strategy adopted

The summit in Brussels adopts a European Security Strategy. The aim of the document is to achieve a secure Europe in a better world, identify the threats facing the EU, define its strategic objectives and set out the political implications for Europe.

2004

12
July

Creation of the European Defence Agency

The European Defence Agency is established to support the member states and the European Council to improve European defence capabilities in the field of crisis management and to sustain ESDP.

2009

15
October

First Franco British Council Roundtable

Quentin Davies MP, Minister for Defence Equipment, attends the first Franco British Council Roundtable on integrating British and French military.

1
December

The Treaty of Lisbon comes into force. The CSDP succeeds the ESDP

The Treaty of Lisbon, signed in 2007, enters into force, renaming ESDP to Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). It provides for the creation of the European External Action Service. Commission delegations in countries outside the EU become EU delegations. 

2010

9
March

Second Franco British Council Roundtable

The Franco‐British Council (FBC) and the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) host the second Franco British Council Roundtable on bilateral defence "cooperation" at the French Embassy in London.

The purpose of this meeting is twofold. Firstly, it aims to extend the FBC’s "Britain, France and Defence” initiative of October 2009.

Secondly, ahead of the May 2010 General Election, they feel it important to "resume discussions before the formation of a new government and a reassessment of British strategic priorities".

6
October

Third Franco British Council Roundtable

The Franco‐British Council (FBC) and the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) host the third Franco British Council Roundtable on bilateral defence "cooperation" at the residence of the British Ambassador in Paris.

Speakers include Gisela Stuart MP, Contre Amiral Pascal Ausser, Edward Leigh MP, Amiral Alain Coldefy, Francoise Hostalier, depute, Kevin Taylor of BAE systems and Vice Admiral Paul Lambert.

The event was sponsored by BAE Systems.

2
November

Lancaster House Treaties - A Fifty Year Defence Pact Between Britain and France

British Prime Minister David Cameron and French President Nicolas Sarkozy sign two defence treaties at 10 Downing Street.

The announcement was made by the two leaders following a summit meeting held at Lancaster House. No debate was held in Parliament.

 

2013

20
December

Priority actions for defence set out

For the first time since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the European Council discusses defence and identifies priority actions for stronger cooperation: 

  • increasing the effectiveness, visibility and impact of Common Security and Defence Policy
  • enhancing the development of capabilities
  • strengthening Europe's defence industry

2016

28
June

Presentation of the European Union global strategy

High Representative Federica Mogherini presents the EU global strategy on foreign and security policy to EU leaders, meeting in Brussels at the EU summit.  

The High Representative was mandated to prepare the new strategy by the European Council in June 2015. The strategy, under the title 'Shared vision, common action: a stronger Europe' reflects the collective views expressed in the process and offers a strategic vision for the EU's global role. In these challenging times, both for Europe and globally, the strategy highlights common ground and presents a way forward.

8
July

Signature of the EU-NATO joint declaration

At the NATO summit in Warsaw, the President of the European Council, the President of the European Commission and NATO Secretary-General sign a joint declaration on EU-NATO cooperation. 

The declaration aims to further strengthen EU-NATO cooperation at a time of unprecedented security challenges from the East and the South.

14
November

Implementation plan on security and defence

EU foreign and defence ministers discuss the implementation plan on security and defence under the EU global strategy. They set out the level of ambition and  the way forward on the future development of EU security and defence policy.

30
November

European Defence Action Plan presented by the European Commission

European Defence Fund and other actions aim to support member states' more efficient spending in joint defence capabilities, strengthen European citizens' security and foster a competitive and innovative industrial base.

6
December

Common set of proposals to implement the EU-NATO joint declaration

The Council adopts conclusions on the Implementation of the EU-NATO Joint Declaration, endorsing 40 proposals in the 7 areas. These proposals are endorsed on the same day by the North Atlantic Council. 

15
December

European Council stresses the need to strengthen Europe's security and defence

The European Council reaffirms its commitment to the European Union Internal Security Strategy 2015-2020.  It addresses the strengthening of EU cooperation on external security and defence and focuses on the three priorities: 

  • the EU Global Strategy in the area of security and defence
  • the European Defence Action Plan
  • implementation of the common set of proposals which follow up on the EU-NATO Joint Declaration signed in Warsaw in July 2016

2017

6
March

Council reviews progress and agrees to improve support for military missions

The Council adopted conclusions setting out the progress achieved in implementing the EU global strategy in the area of security and defence.

The Council also approved a concept note on the operational planning and conduct capabilities for CSDP missions and operations. One of the measures foreseen is the establishment of a military planning and conduct capability (MPCC) for the planning and conduct of non-executive military missions.

20
March

Britain announces bilateral "defence pact" with Germany

Theresa May announces that Britain and Germany will form a defence pact immediately following formal invocation of Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty.

The Ministry of Defence says it is working with Germany “on a joint vision statement on future co-operation”.

The top brass offer highly unconvincing explanations for the brand destruction of the British military.
A briefing by Strategic Defence Initiatives on the EU's subversion of the British military.
LONG READ: Under cover of the Brexit trade negotiations, the real trade deal has just happened. Nobody said anything about it; nobody knew about it.
Strategic Defence Initiatives' submission to MPs describes at length how HM Armed Forces have been betrayed, how they are being denied workable British equipment by MoD policy, and how they continue to be amalgamated into EU military union despite the irrelevance of Brexit.
British Defence Secretary Michael Fallon met his German counterpart yesterday to firm up Britain’s defence “partnership” with Germany.
Not an "EU Army" but EU military union: The EU is desperately requiring control of its member states' militaries and budgets. Nobody in Parliament is bothering to mention this.
RUSI NTI members
Javid's military gaff was a golden nugget for those watching treason unfold at UK government level - and no ifs or buts - to leave the nation defenceless is treason....
We are to be stripped of the military power to act alone, our military command and control structures are to be weakened and confused by French ‘collaboration’ and ‘partnering’, and we are to be stripped of nuclear weapons. The security of Britain is being destroyed under the cloak of Cameron’s Franco British Defence Treaty.