The Heirarchy Of Authority

Tier 1 - The Rule Of Law

The law is the supreme authority. It applies to all flesh and blood men and women equally – without exception. We are all equal under the law. The ‘law’ means our common law, also referred to as natural law or God’s law.

‘Law’ does not mean ‘man-made rules’ or ‘Acts of Parliament’ (this is legislation), nor does it mean regulations, or statutes. You know in your heart what is the law... that which is right, that which is virtuous, that which through the reasonableness of the common people should be deemed to be the law, that which is seen to be just.

It is often claimed that judges make common law – they do not. Judges interpret the common law, and record it. We are duty bound to select from amongst us our wisest and most considered to be our judges, so that they can interpret common law so that it can be widely understood by those less capable of interpreting the nuances of justice for themselves. Judges are obliged to give the common law its greater purpose – to protect our lives, property and freedom – from all tyranny and oppression and not to use it to impose unbridled authority and control.

It is the responsibility of the people to keep an eye on errant judges; those who can easily be seduced by money and other temptations, or blackmailed as a consequence of their frailty and/or sexual perversions. These judges can be too easily ‘persuaded’ to make judgements in favour of their paymaster – and not for the greater good of justice. The interpretation of the law must always be directed toward protection of our lives, property and freedom and not in aid of those who would manipulate and control us. No man-made legislation can ever have supremacy over our common law rights no matter how inflated judges’ opinions might become of themselves. Judges are not omnipotent and must never be allowed to pass judgment without the checks and balance of trial by jury. If the highest judges in the land should ever rule that man-made regulations should be allowed to be imposed over the natural justice of our common law, then let the people march these judges to a scaffold – to be hanged - as an example of what should happen to those who would oppress us for their personal gain or the gain of a controlling elite. This should help to remind others just who they are employed to serve.

Star chambers are a constant threat to our freedoms. They come about when the people concede, albeit unwittingly, to creeping tyranny; encouraged almost certainly by our own apathy and ignorance and by the frailty and greed of weak men and women entrusted with responsibility, but tempted by self-interest.

Tier 2 - The Sovereign Being

Every flesh and blood living human exists as a sovereign being – neither inferior nor superior to any other. Nobody can tell any other living soul what to do without their consent. Those who think they must do the bidding of others without having given their consent suffer from having a ‘slave mentality’, a disease of subservience that inflicts itself on an ever-increasing number of weak and insipid people. As our backbones weaken, so the shackles of servitude will tighten. ‘We are all equal’ – means just that, it does not mean that some are more equal than others.

Oppressors who assume authority over others combine dangerously with weak individuals who assume their own subservience to feed tyranny. Too many people suffer at the hands of assumption.

It is entirely the choice of free men and women as to whether they wish to be part of a particular society (nation). We are invariably born into the society of which we are a member. We may mistakenly assume that there is a compulsion in remaining part of this society, but membership is voluntary and quite obviously must be conditional upon this being beneficial to us. If not, then we have a duty to ourselves and to the principle of upholding our freedom, to leave, and to join or create a new society where our interest are better served and our freedoms protected. If enough people leave the oppressive society to create a better one, the former will collapse.

The ultimate objective of a good society is to protect the individual from the state. Placing the interest of the state above the interest of the individual is the continental way of doing things; a tyranny and contrary to the constitutional principles of protecting individual freedoms, as provided for by the British constitution.

Every individual has their own supreme authority to govern themselves, but they can voluntarily adopt an inferior role as a citizen or subject (known as a legal fiction). The name citizen or subject is made up to denote the inferior position to be played in society. It is important to understand that this is a role being played and one which can be rejected at any time should being a member ever become oppressive or contrary to the best interest of that individual. An individual becomes and remains an inferior ‘citizen’ or ‘subject’ as a matter of choice – not compulsion. If membership and inferiority was a compulsion then this would be tyranny in action.

An individual’s rights end where another individual’s rights begin.

Tier 3 - The Upholders Of The Common Law

Every individual in society is charged equally with the duty to uphold the common law. We might select amongst us those most able to do this on our behalf. These we call constables (not to be confused with the role of police officer – see tier 6) whose job it is quite simply to assist in keeping the peace. Every individual has equal in status to a constable, whom we are obliged to assist in the performance of their duty. The trust of our constables is the foundation of a free and worthwhile society. It is vital that we give our trust and that this trust be respected. If the trust in our constables is diminished then our society will crumble under the weight of fear and suspicion. Constables serve the people, NOT the state. Constables are servants of our courts, but only where these serve the interest of justice, not the whims of tyrants.

We must also select a judiciary who will engage in the delivery of justice to those aggrieved and to provide them with remedy and penalties for transgressors. The highest judiciary is ‘trial by jury’ and the highest judge in the land must be directed by the jury in all aspects of justice: guilt or innocence, the evidence allowed and the sentence given. No aspect of justice is beyond the authority of the jury of our peers. Each jury man and woman is compelled to consider that through the authority of the jury they themselves may one-day be judged. (There but for the grace of god go I). No authority has supremacy over the people’s jury. We lose this provision at our peril.

Tier 4 - The Head Of State

The Head of State is the leading authority over a society and its members. The Head of State does not have authority over any individual. Only the law reigns supreme over individuals. Every individual who becomes a member of a society suspends their personal sovereignty and takes on the inferior position as a ‘citizen’ or a ‘subject’ (also known as a legal fiction) – this is a voluntary act. There is no compulsion on a sovereign being to be a citizen or a subject. Taking up these roles is based on the logic that there must be benefits in so doing.

The Head of State is a position occupied by an individual. The ‘Head of State’ be it a Monarch or President is a legal fiction. One legal fiction (Monarch) may have authority over another legal fiction (subject) because these are ‘positions’ held voluntarily. Each sovereign being adopts the inferior (or superior) legal fiction role. It is essential that individuals understand their position in society and how their hierarchy changes from ‘equal’ under the law... to superior or inferior as a legal fiction entity. Understanding the legal fiction is vital in understanding the hierarchy of authority.

For England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and other nations of the Commonwealth – our Head of State is a Monarch. The Head of State of some countries is a President. Ultimately the responsibility of these roles must be to protect the interest of citizens/subjects but this can NEVER be at the expense of the rights of the individual. Too often the rights of the individual become diminished and hidden whilst the role of citizen is exaggerated by those seeking to secure greater control and authority for themselves. When we lose our sovereign rights, we lose everything. It is the natural tendency of some men and women to seek supremacy by distorting, deceiving and oppressing our sovereign rights. The price of freedom is constant vigilance against these oppressors. Our ignorance and apathy are the greatest weapons used to control and oppress us.

Any individual can be a Monarch, chosen by other members of the same society. The position, responsibility (and burden) of Monarch is usually an accident of birth, but does not have to be. Citizens endow the Monarch with the authority to look after their best interests. This is reflected in the Royal Prerogative which is the exclusive authority of the Monarch, on behalf of the people. Royal assent (final passage of legislation) is the exclusive authority of the Monarch as the people’s representative and in accordance with the doctrine of ‘the separation of powers’. Royal assent must only be exercised by the people’s representative in Parliament. Its exercise by the executive is UNLAWFUL. The responsibility of the Monarch is to protect our constitution and the rule-of-law to ensure that no man-made legislation is passed which imposes itself over our common law rights, as this would be unlawful and contrary to the best interest of the people as a whole. The suppression of our common law rights is a devious tactic too often employed by unscrupulous politicians in their endeavours to try and enhance their power at our expense. Their efforts must be resisted at all costs. The Monarch swears an oath to the people to uphold God’s law (common law) - NOT to enforce man-made legislation.

When the liabilities imposed upon the citizen override the rights of the individual, these impositions are UNLAWFUL. There are no exceptions. The individual can at any time exercise their right to re-impose their sovereign and supreme authority over that of their inferior citizen or subject role and through this are able to control any attempts to impose unlawful tyranny. It should never be forgotten that it is the people who are sovereign... not the state, not parliament, not the executive.

Tier 5 - The Executive, Legislature and Judiciary

These are the three branches of governance. They are all equal and must be separate in order to protect their functions. They must operate under the doctrine of ‘the separation of powers’. Failing to do so would see one element enforce its supremacy and controls over the others and from which the rights of the citizen can be abused. Every position held in any of these institutions is a legal fiction, taken up by an individual. As an individual, they are equal to all other individuals. It is as a legal fiction entity that they secure authority over inferior legal fiction entities and subservience to superior legal fiction entities.

Thus Judges can make judgment on a citizen where the consent of that citizen has been given, including where consent is assumed through acquiescence. When we play the role of citizen/subject in any society, we voluntarily submit ourselves to the supremacy of the higher legal fiction i.e. we are consenting.

Tier 6 - Legislative Enforcement

Because we, in the role of legal fiction citizen/subject, have agreed to the supremacy and the hierarchy of our society, we are subject to the rules that govern that society as well as its means of enforcement. The enforcers of rules (not to be confused with laws – as is so often the case) are police officers. An individual who takes on the role of police officer has the daunting task of distinguishing between rule-breakers and law-breakers. Confusion is the hallmark of a poorly trained constable. Regrettably this represents a massive majority. Almost no constables are fully aware of the distinction between their roles as keepers of our peace and an enforcer of rules of society. Crucially they do not understand that common law is superior to mere Acts of Parliament and they will often arrest people who are acting lawfully and yet in breach of a regulation. If a common law right conflicts with a statute – the former will override the latter every time.

Tier 7 - Persons (Legal Fictions) Subjects Or Citizens

The bulk of every society is made up of its ‘persons’ (subjects or citizens.) An individual is not a person; they ‘have’ a person. Each of these inferior roles is taken up by an individual having agreed voluntarily to adopt the subservient role in the society on the implicit understanding that there are benefits available to the legal fiction citizen/subject that are not available as an individual – such as, national defence, order, shared community resources, the NHS, bridges, roads, schools etc. A well run and lawful society has many benefits – the same cannot be said of our present system however which has fallen victim to an oppressive regime, fuelled by corruption and greed that favours a minority.

Tier 8 - Outlaws

Those who breach regulations are not law breakers, they a rule breakers. Those who break common law and do not respect the provisions of common law are outlaws – outside of the law and importantly outside of the protection of the law. Never be a law breaker – your safety, prosperity and freedom depend upon you being able to rely on the rule-of-law to defend you and protect your interests.