In 1748, French political thinker, Montesquieu, identified in De l’esprit des lois the three branches of government between which power should be allocated and separated: the executive which takes action to implement the law, defend the nation, conduct foreign affairs and administer internal policies; the legislative which makes law, and the judiciary which applies the law to determine disputes and punish criminals. According to the doctrine the executive cannot make law. Neither can the legislative determine disputes or any of the branches exercise the power of the other.
The law is the supreme authority. It applies to all flesh and blood men and women equally – without exception. We are all equal under the law. The ‘law’ means our common law, also referred to as natural law or God’s law.
Although the attention of the British public has long been distracted by Media Disinformation campaigns there are still occasions when the press publish a small fragment of an issue of constitutional importance.
Belfast judiciary, who swear a meaningless oath to their office and not to serve the Sovereign, block smoker's application to have questions of National Sovereignty and Treason from being heard in the Supreme Court.
22nd October 2011 - Kings Hall Stoke On Trent
5th November 2011 - Friends House, London
A constitution is a vital part of any country's system of government. It provides the rules by which the people agree to be governed. It is a contract, the terms and conditions under which those elected must govern, be they a monarch, president or parliament.
This four part video is a condensed version of a presentation made by Australian farmer and Constitutional researcher Brian Shaw. He tells his Australian audience what the Australian Government don't want them to know.
The Quiet War Against American Independence contains exclusive interviews with National newsmakers on the font lines of the quiet war. This compelling program documents the treaties and UN Conferences that are undermining American independence and paving the way for global control.
By now videos of the events in Birkenhead County Court on 7th March 2011 will have been seen around the world. If one looks closely, they were in the good old British tradition of protest. The people there had gone beyond the "muttering amongst themselves in pubs and at bus stops" stage of discontent with the Establishment, through "someone ought to do something about it" to "I will do something".
You can imagine the scene: The Chief Executive of the council is advised by his legal team that their court case against the council tax rebel (me) is unwinnable lawfully because I have exposed the fact that the council have been breaking the law by issuing their own summonses... the summons is the foundation of their case and fraudulent evidence is inadmissible in a court of law, so the case must be thrown out.
For those who wonder what they can do as individuals to resist encroachment on their common law rights, withholding Council Tax (CT) is a lawful option. It is also, as I will show below, a legal obligation. I would not wish to encourage anyone to cause problems for the state without justification. The Powers That Be, for reasons which we can only speculate about, repealed the statutory offence of sedition early in 2010 so perhaps I can speak freely.
We are approaching the tenth anniversary of the present Queen and her “evil councilors” being served with a lawful petition raised by a committee of 25 Barons exercising their right under Chapter 61 of Magna Carta to order her not to give Royal Assent to the statute which gave effect to the Nice Treaty in 2001.
Throughout the ages mankind’s ingenuity has allowed one group of people to control others. The creation of the ‘legal fiction’ is a superb example – it is the very foundation of how we are controlled today and yet the knowledge of its existence eludes all but a tiny few of us.
An old, mad, blind, despised, and dying king,
Princes, the dregs of their dull race, who flow
Through public scorn, mud from a muddy spring,
Rulers who neither see, nor feel, nor know,
But leech-like to their fainting country cling,
Till they drop, blind in blood, without a blow,
A people starved and stabbed in the untilled field,
An army, which liberticide and prey
Makes as a two-edged sword to all who wield
Golden and sanguine laws which tempt and slay;
Religion Christless, Godless a book sealed;
A Senate, Time's worst statute unrepealed,
Are graves, from which a glorious Phantom may
Burst, to illumine our tempestuous day.
These are the great springs of national misfortunes. There have been monsters in other ages, and other countries, as well as ours ; but they have never continued their devastations long, when there were heroes to oppose them... They, who go about to destroy, are animated from the first by ambition and avarice, the love of power and money: fear makes them often desperate at last... A Parliament, nay one house of Parliament, is able at any time, and at once, to destroy any corrupt plan of power.
- Henry St John, Lord Bolingbroke, "Letters on the Spirit of Patriotism"
A people may choose, or hereditary succession may raise, a bad prince to the throne; but a good king alone can derive his right to govern from God. The reason is plain: good government alone can be in the divine intention. God has made us to desire happiness; he has made our happiness dependent on society; and the happiness of society dependent on good or bad government. His intention, therefore, was, that government should be good... A divine right in kings is...a divine right to govern well, and conformably to the constitution at the head of which they are placed. A divine right to govern ill, is an absurdity to assert it, is blasphemy... The office of kings is, then, of right divine, and their persons are to be reputed sacred. As men, they have no such right, no such sacredness belonging to them: as kings, they have both, unless they forfeit them.
- Henry St John, Lord Bolingbroke, "The Idea of a Patriot King"
The British Constitution is not, as it is in many countries, a ‘written constitution’. It is not codified in a single document but is made up of a complex web of statutes, conventions, and a corpus of common and other law. It is also informed by an interweaving of history and more modern democratic principles. The legal premise of the United Kingdom constitution - that the UK parliament is sovereign - is a fundamental part of our constitutional arrangements. This means that an Act of Parliament must be obeyed by the courts, that later acts prevail over earlier ones, and that the rules made by external bodies cannot override Acts of Parliament. The Bill of Rights 1689 and Magna Carta are important elements of our constitution. Magna Carta is Primary legislation and has the same status as any other legislation and is not immune from repeal or amendment. The same applies to the Bill of Rights which was an ordinary Act of Parliament passed in the ordinary way.